Bringing a new life into the world is a monumental and transformative experience. As an expectant parent, one of the ways you can prepare for this journey is by creating a birth plan. A birth plan is a document that outlines your preferences and wishes for labor, delivery, and postpartum care.

While birth plans cannot guarantee a specific outcome, they provide an opportunity for expectant parents to communicate their desires, values, and needs to their healthcare team. In this article, we will delve into the birth plan basics, guiding you through the process of creating a personalized and empowering birth plan.

The paper or electronic version of the plan you create is not nearly as important as the time you take to know your options, talk things through with your partner and/or doula, and what you uncover about yourself and preferences along the way. You can find sample birth plans from The Bump, ACOG, many others, or you can create your own. Big Fat Pregnancy walks each client through their birth preferences and allows space for questions and concerns. We will then create a visual birth plan for you and your team.

Example below.

Understanding the Purpose of a Birth Plan

Postpartum Essentials - a line art drawing of a baby being cradled with a parent's hand on their head with a very light pink background with peach water color circles and gold glitter accents

A birth plan serves as a communication tool between you and your healthcare providers. It’s a way to convey your preferences and priorities, helping your care team understand what matters most to you during childbirth. Keep in mind that flexibility is key, as labor and delivery can be unpredictable. However, having a birth plan can empower you to make informed decisions during the process.

1. Educate Yourself

Before diving into the creation of your birth plan, it’s crucial to educate yourself about the various aspects of childbirth. Understanding the stages of labor, pain management options, medical interventions, and potential complications will enable you to make informed choices. Attend childbirth education classes, read reputable books, and consult your healthcare provider to gather as much information as possible.

2. Reflect on Your Values and Preferences

Your birth plan should reflect your unique values, beliefs, and preferences. Take some time to reflect on what matters most to you during childbirth. Consider questions such as:

  • What kind of environment do you envision for labor and delivery?

  • How do you feel about pain management options, including epidurals and natural methods?

  • What are your thoughts on medical interventions like induction or cesarean sections?

  • Who would you like to have present during labor? Do you want a doula?

  • What are your preferences for immediate postpartum care, such as skin-to-skin contact and breastfeeding?

3. Communicate with Your Healthcare Provider

Your healthcare provider will play a significant role in your childbirth experience. Schedule a prenatal appointment to discuss your birth plan with them. This conversation will help you understand the options available in your birthing facility and ensure that your choices align with your medical history and the hospital’s policies. Remember that your healthcare provider’s expertise can provide valuable insights and help you make well-informed decisions.

4. Structure and Content of Your Birth Plan

While there is no strict format for a birth plan, organizing your preferences clearly can help ensure they’re understood by your healthcare team. Here’s a suggested structure:


Begin with a brief introduction that includes your name, your partner’s name, your due date, and any other essential information.

Labor and Delivery Preferences

Outline your preferences for different stages of labor, such as:

  • Your preferred labor environment (dim lighting, music, etc.).

  • Movement and position preferences during labor.

  • Pain management options you’d like to explore or avoid.

  • Your stance on interventions like breaking the water or episiotomy.

  • Support and Presence

  • Specify who you would like to be present during labor and delivery. This could include your partner, family members, and/or a doula.

Medical Interventions

Express your preferences about medical interventions:

  • Induction methods, if necessary.

  • Monitoring preferences for you and the baby.

  • Cesarean section preferences and who you’d like to accompany you if one becomes necessary.

After Birth

  • Detail your desires for postpartum care.

  • Skin-to-skin contact immediately after birth.

  • Delayed cord clamping.

  • Preferences on vitamin K shot and antibiotic eye drops

  • Feeding preferences (breastfeeding, formula, or a combination).

Additional Considerations

Include any additional information that’s important to you, such as religious or cultural practices, preferences for newborn procedures, or specific preferences for handling unexpected situations.

Flexibility Clause

Acknowledge that you understand the unpredictable nature of childbirth and express your willingness to remain flexible if circumstances change.


Wrap up your birth plan by expressing your gratitude for your healthcare team’s support and understanding.

5. Keep It Clear and Concise

While you want to communicate your wishes thoroughly, keeping your birth plan clear and concise is essential. Use bullet points, images, icons, and/or, simple language to make it easy for your healthcare team to understand your preferences quickly. Avoid jargon and medical terminology that might confuse those who are not familiar with it.

6. Share Your Birth Plan

Make sure your healthcare provider has a copy of your birth plan well before your due date. Discuss it with your birthing facility’s staff upon arrival for labor and delivery. Having several printed copies for your support team can also be helpful, ensuring everyone is on the same page. We’d suggest packing some sticky tack or tape in your birth bag to make sure it gets hung up in your labor room.

7. Stay Open-Minded

While a birth plan is a valuable tool for communication, it’s important to approach childbirth with an open mind. Labor and delivery can be unpredictable, and circumstances may arise that require deviations from your plan. Staying flexible and informed will empower you to make the best decisions for your health and the health of your baby.

Creating a birth plan is a thoughtful and empowering step toward welcoming your baby into the world. By educating yourself, reflecting on your values, communicating with your healthcare provider, and structuring your plan effectively, you can ensure that your preferences are understood and respected during this transformative journey. Remember, the ultimate goal is a safe and positive birthing experience for both you and your baby, and a well-prepared birth plan can contribute to that goal.

Postpartum Essentials - a line art drawing of a mother and father cradling each other and a newborn on the father's shoulder with a beige background with green water color circle and gold glitter accents
Skip to content